Kajian Historis-Kritis tentang Teokrasi di Indonesia

William Wahyu Sembiring

Abstract


This article aims to show and examine the theocratic government systems that have taken place in various regions, places, and times in the world. With a qualitative research method based on a historical-critical approach, it will be shown how the theocratic system actually works in an area. Based on the results of the existing explanations, a conclusion was drawn that the theocratic government system was inappropriate and irrelevant to be implemented in Indonesia. This is because theocratic values that require one religion to be the center of state life cannot be used in a pluralistic Indonesian society. Although the call to form a theocratic state of Indonesia is ringing quite loudly today from a small group of people, the basic nature of theocracy is very unacceptable in the territory of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia which is based on democracy.

 

Abstrak

Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menunjukkan serta mengkaji sistem pemerintahan teokrasi yang pernah berlangsung di berbagai wilayah, tempat dan waktu di dunia. Dengan metode pene-litian kualitatif yang berbasis pada pendekatan historis-kritis maka akan ditunjukkan bagaimana sebenarnya sistem teokrasi berjalan di suatu wilayah. Berdasarkan hasil pemaparan yang ada didapatlah suatu kesimpulan bahwa sistem pemerintahan teokrasi tidak layak dan tidak relevan untuk diterapkan di Indonesia. Sebab, nilai-nilai teokrasi yang menuntut satu agama menjadi pusat kehidupan bernegara tidak bisa digunakan dalam masyarakat Indonesia yang majemuk. Walaupun seruan untuk membentuk negara teokrasi Indonesia berdengung cukup keras hari ini dari sekumpulan kecil masyarakat, sifat-sifat dasar teokrasi sangat tidak bisa diterima dalam wilayah Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia yang berasaskan demokrasi.

 


Keywords


democracy, religion, state, theocracy, unity, agama, demokrasi, negara, persatuan, teokrasi

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.46929/graciadeo.v5i1.136

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