Empat Lapisan Makna dalam Kitab Suci: Sampel Teks Kidung Agung 1:8-10

Hendi Hendi, Eka Nur Cahyani

Abstract


What is written in the Holy Scriptures is a literal text (expressed) and also non-literal (implied) or is called a divine text (inspired by the Holy Spirit) and also human (written by humans). It contains layers or senses of deeper meaning than just being read and understood by the naked eye. Therefore, to read and understand the Scriptures well we need hermeneutics or methods of interpretation or exegesis that can dig deep to find Christ and salvation there (2 Tim 3:15-17). In this article, the exegesis of the Church Fathers answers this by emphasizing the four senses of meaning in Scripture: historia, theoria, moral, and anagogic. The author will use the text of the Song of Solomon 1:8-10 as a sample or example to understand the patristic exegesis. The aim is that the reader will not only understand this theory of exegesis but also be able to apply it in the interpretation of the Scripture.

 

 

Abstrak

Apa yang tertulis di dalam Kitab Suci adalah teks yang literal (tersurat) dan juga non literal (tersirat) atau disebut teks yang ilahi (diilham oleh Roh Kudus) dan juga manusiawi (ditulis oleh manusia). Di dalamnya terkandung lapisan-lapisan makna yang dalam daripada sekedar dibaca dan dipahami secara kasat mata. Sebab itu, untuk membaca dan memahami Kitab Suci secara baik kita memerlukan hermeneutik atau metode penafsiran atau eksegesis yang dapat menggali sampai ke dalam untuk mendapati Kristus dan keselamatan di sana (2Tim 3:15-17). Di dalam artikel ini eksegesis dari para Bapa Gereja menjawab hal tersebut dengan menekankan pada empat lapisan makna di dalam Kitab Suci yaitu historia, theoria, moral, dan anagogic. Penulis akan menggunakan teks Kitab Kidung Agung 1:8-10 sebagai sampel atau contoh untuk memahami eksegesis patristik tersebut. Tujuannya adalah supaya pembaca tidak hanya memahami teori eksegesis ini tetapi juga dapat menerapkannya dalam penggalian Kitab Suci.

 

 

Keywords


anagogic, historia, moral, senses of meaning, Song of Songs, theoria, Kidung Agung,lapisan makna,moral

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.46929/graciadeo.v5i1.130

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